What is imperialism? What does imperialist mean?

What is imperialism? What does imperialist mean?
What is imperialism? What does imperialist mean?

There is no direct answer to the question of what imperialism is , because imperialism is divided into varieties. It has been a concept referred to by some as colonialism and by others as capitalism. It would not be right to call anyone wrong, as each interpretation has its own grain of truth.

Therefore, it is necessary to understand what imperialism means. When this is achieved, the influence of one nation on another nation or society will also be better understood.


What is imperialism?

Imperialism is the influence of one state or nation over another state or nation. A state or nation that is in an influential position can use all the resources of the nation or state it affects for its own interests.

The influencer may start to have a say directly in the targeted region, or it may indirectly have a say over the economy or politics of that region.

In the 15th and 16th centuries, most technologically and militarily powerful European countries were trying to dominate other lands, but the origins of imperialism go back to Antiquity and even to the earliest times of humanity. Unlike the imperialism we know, then there was power and oppression.

The powerful could seize resources and live in wealth by putting pressure on the weaker side. Then the world started to change. Today, although the strong can still dominate the weak, the methods followed have changed.

For example, the United States of America today is the imperialist of modern times. The country is one of the strongest in general. It is quite advanced in terms of technology. It has established and continues to dominate over underdeveloped or underdeveloped countries.

What is imperialism? What does imperialist mean?

What are the Types of Imperialism?

  • colonial imperialism
  • Protective imperialism
  • controlling imperialism
  • economic imperialism

There are four types of imperialism. These can be handled as follows.

Colonial Imperialism

Colonial imperialism is imperialism with direct control over other nations. In this type of imperialism, a powerful nation or state makes laws valid within its borders valid in other countries and territories.

The people living within that territory are thus governed by laws enacted by the foreign country. A nation governed in this way naturally becomes a second-class citizen.

Protective Imperialism

In the type of protective imperialism, a country continues to be ruled by a government, but there is also a large degree of outside power in that country.

The influence of external power is felt in most of the decisions taken by the government. The person or persons who have their say within the boundaries of the territory are allowed to continue to hold the powers, but what these people can do with their own decisions is quite limited. External power predominantly makes economic decisions.

Controlling Imperialism

Controlling imperialism is when a foreign power has control over any operation carried out on a territory. This is often achieved through agreements. It is an action to have unlimited rights on the commercial side of the business.


Economic Imperialism

Economic imperialism is the dominance of private corporations and rich people in new or weak countries. In this type of imperialism, people with economic power have an influence, not politicians.

What is imperialism? What does imperialist mean?

What does imperialist mean?

Imperialist means pro-imperialist. Some of the reasons for targeting this are to expand the owned land and become more economically advantageous.

The two are often confused as imperialism and colonialism are terms used to express the superiority of one person or group over another person or group. While definitions such as occupation can be included in the definition of colonialism, imperialism does not directly include occupation. This means that the imperialists are expansionist rather than colonialist.

In imperialism, one has control over the politics of another country, while in colonialism, one has control over the people. Similarly, those who live in the country that has control over its politics in imperialism are not sent from the country, but there are also those who come from another country in colonialism.

When an imperialist country dominates another country by various methods, it will not be possible to talk about colonialism if it does not fill that country with people from other nations.

Is Imperialism a Result of Capitalism?

Many have argued that imperialism is a result of capitalism. John Hobson attributes this to the fact that capitalist societies produce enough to put a strain on their own economies.

These countries invest in developing countries so that the excess supply will find demand. As a result, they start to sell their goods and use natural resources.

Others argue that capitalism alone did not cause imperialism. They do this by explaining the whole process. They argue that entrepreneurship, capital, natural resources and labor do not feel the influence of the government in the process in question, and that property owners generate income thanks to their ownership.

Of course, if we keep these aside and look at the world in general, imperialism can be seen very clearly in non-capitalist countries. In short, capitalism may play a role as one of the factors that paved the way for the formation of imperialism, but it is not the only reason.

In order to establish a better relationship between capitalism and imperialism, you can also take a look at the article in which we answered the question of what is capitalism .

What is imperialism? What does imperialist mean?

What is Imperialism in Short?

  • Imperialism is a country’s domination over other countries in line with its interests.
  • The goal of imperialism is to get as many resources as possible.
  • Imperialism and colonialism are two very close concepts, but if the party influencing another country does not fill that country with people from outside, it cannot be said that there is a complete colonialism.

In this article, we have eliminated the question marks that occupied the minds of many people, starting from the questions of which the answer is curious, such as what is imperialism, how and why it emerged, what does imperialist mean.


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