What Are Maslow’s Needs, What Does It Mean?

What Are Maslow's Needs, What Does It Mean?
What Are Maslow's Needs, What Does It Mean?

Man needs the most basic needs in order to continue his life. But human needs are unlimited. In fact, the economy was built on this, and unlimited human needs were tried to be met by using scarce resources. Somehow, people have always been blessed to want more and what is already there is not enough. Even though this is a natural process, it can cause trouble after a while. So much so that people who always wanted more resorted to theft , even to war . Abraham Harold Maslow identified 5 basic needs for human to live . So what are Maslow’s human needs, what do they mean?

What Are Maslow's Needs, What Does It Mean?


Who is Abraham Harold Maslow?

Born in the first quarter of the 20th century, Maslow is an American academic and psychologist of Jewish descent. Maslow, who died at the age of 62, put forward his own theory at the age of 35 and was accepted by many. The generally accepted theory has brought some debates, and it is said that human needs cannot be accommodated with so little, there must be more.

What Are Maslow’s Needs?

  • Physiological Needs
  • Need for Security
  • Need for Belonging
  • Need for Love/Respect
  • Self Realization

These needs are seen as the most basic needs for people and are expressed in the form of a pyramid. Physiological needs are at the bottom of the pyramid, and self-actualization needs are at the top.

Physiological Needs

Physiological needs at the bottom of the pyramid are the most basic human needs such as food, drink and sleep. If these tasks are not fulfilled, a person will not be able to live , so he is at the bottom of the pyramid.

Need for Security

After meeting their needs such as eating and drinking, people should determine their own area so that they can protect themselves against external threats and ensure their safety . For this reason, after the physiological needs that fulfill vital functions, there is the need for security in the second place.


Need for Belonging

Human is a social entity. Even if it is possible to live alone, it is not a very liveable life. Therefore, he will need socialization . In order to socialize, it must belong somewhere. After providing himself with his physiological and safety needs, he must feel that he belongs to a place in social wholes such as a religion, race and country, and that he is a member of that community. In this way, he can establish a social life.

What Are Maslow's Needs, What Does It Mean?

Need for Love/Respect

Having love or respect in the group one belongs to after fulfilling the 3 most basic needs has an important place for human psychology .

The Need for Self-Realization

The last human need in the pyramid is the need for self-actualization. This need is the need for self-actualization and the fulfillment of the needs up to now. Here, it can be said that human shows to produce something or to achieve something .

Maslow’s 5 hierarchy of human needs is a generally accepted theory. These needs may not always be 100% in humans . In other words, while some people cannot fully meet their physiological needs, they can meet the need for self-actualization very well .


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